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Computer - Some Important Abbreviations

A

1.     Al ? Artificial intelligence

2.     ALGOL ? Algorithmic Language

3.     ARP ? Address resolution Protocol

4.     ASCII ? American Standard Code for Information Interchange

B

1.     BINAC  - Binary Automatic Computer

2.     BCC ? Blind Carbon Copy

3.     Bin ? Binary

4.     BASIC - Beginner?s All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

5.     BIOS ? Basic Input Output System

6.     Bit ? Binary Digit

7.     BSNL ? Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

C

1.     CC ? Carbon Copy

2.     CAD ? Computer Aided Design

3.     COBOL ? Common Business Oriented Language

4.     CD ? Compact Disc

5.     CRT ? Cathode Ray Tube 

6.     CDR ? Compact Disc Recordable

7.     CDROM ? Compact Disc Read Only Memory 

8.     CDRW ? Compact Disc Rewritable

9.     CDR/W ? Compact Disk Read/Write

D

1.     DBA ? Data Base Administrator

2.     DBMS ? Data Base Management System 

3.     DNS ? Domain Name System

4.     DPI ? Dots Per Inch

5.     DRAM ? Dynamic Random Access Memory

6.     DVD ? Digital Video Disc/Digital Versatile Disc

7.     DVDR ? DVD Recordable

8.     DVDROM ? DVD Read Only Memory

9.     DVDRW ? DVD Rewritable

10.  DVR ? Digital Video Recorder

11.  DOS ? Disk Operating System

E

1.     EBCDIC ? Extended Binary Coded Decimal Interchange Code

2.     e-Commerce ? Electronic Commerce

3.     EDP ? Electronic Data Processing

4.     EEPROM ? Electrically Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory

5.     ELM/e-Mail ? Electronic Mail

6.     ENIAC - Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer 

7.     EOF - End Of File 

8.     EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read Only Memory 

9.     EXE - Executable 

F

1.     FAX - Far Away Xerox/ facsimile

2.     FDC - Floppy Disk Controller 

3.     FDD - Floppy Disk Drive 

4.     FORTRAN - Formula Translation 

5.     FS - File System 

6.     FTP - File Transfer Protocol

G

1.     Gb - Gigabit 

2.     GB - Gigabyte 

3.     GIF - Graphics Interchange Format 

4.     GSM -  Global System for Mobile Communication

H

1.     HDD - Hard Disk Drive 

2.     HP - Hewlett Packard

3.     HTML - Hyper Text Markup Language 

4.     HTTP - Hyper Text Transfer Protocol

I

1.     IBM - International Business Machine 

2.     IM - Instant Message

3.     IMAP - Internet Message Access Protocol 

4.     ISP - Internet Service Provider

J

1.     JPEG - Joint Photographic Experts Group

K

2.     Kb - Kilobit 

3.     KB - Kilobyte 

4.     KHz - Kilohertz 

5.     Kbps - Kilobit Per Second

L

1.     LCD ? Liquid Crystal Display

2.     LED ? Light Emitting Diode

3.     LPI ? Lines Per Inch

4.     LIS ? Large Scale Integration

M

1.     Mb ? Megabit

2.     MB ? Megabyte

3.     MPEG ? Moving Picture Experts Group

4.     MMS ? Multimedia Message Service

5.     MICR ? Magnetic Ink Character reader

6.     MIPS ? Million Instructions Per Second

N

1.     NIC ? Network Interface Card

2.     NOS ? Network Operating System

O

1.     OMR ? Optical Mark Reader

2.     OOP ? Object Oriented Programming

3.     OSS ? Open Source Software

P

1.     PAN ? Personal Area Network

2.     PC ? Personal Computer

3.     PDA - Personal Digital Assistant

4.     PDF ? Portable Document Format

5.     POS ? Point Of Sale

6.     PNG - Portable Network Graphics

7.     PPM ? Pages Per Minute

8.     PPP ? Point-to-Point Protocol

9.     PROM ? Programmable Read Only Memory

10.  PSTN ? Public Switched Telephone Network

11.  POST ? Power On Self Test

12.  PING ? Packet Internet Gopher

R

1.     RAM ? Random Access Memory

2.     RDBMS ? Relational Data Base Management System

3.     RIP ? Routing Information Protocol

4.     RTF ? Rich Text Format

S

1.     SMTP ? Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

2.     SQL ? Structured Query Language

3.     SRAM ? Static Random Access Memory

4.     SNMP ? Simple Network Management Protocol

5.     SIM ? Subscriber Identification Module

T

1.     TCP ? Transmission Control Protocol

2.     TB ? Tera Bytes

U

1.     UPS ? Uninterrupted Power Supply

2.     URI ? Uniform Resource Identifier

3.     URL ? Uniform Resource Locator

4.     USB -  Universal Serial Bus 

5.     ULSI - Ultra Large Scale Integration

6.     UNIVAC - Universal Automatic Computer

V

1.     VAR ? Variable

2.     VGA ? Video Graphics Array

3.     VSNL ? Videsh Sanchar Nigam Limited

4.     VDU ? Visual Display Unit

W

1.     Wi-Fi ? Wireless Fidelity

2.     WLAN ? Wireless Local Area Network

3.     WPA ? Wi-Fi Protected Access

4.     WWW ? World Wide Web

5.     WORM ? Write Once Read Many

X

1.     XHTML ? eXtensible Hyper text Markup Language

2.     XML -  eXtensible Markup language

Z

1.     ZB ? Zeta Byte



Some other Important Abbreviations - 

2.     OCR - Optical Character Readers

3.     ODBC - Open Data Base Connectivity

4.     OLE - Object Linking And Embedding

5.     OMR - Optical Mark Reader

6.     ONE - Open Network Architecture

7.     OOA - Object Orient Analysis

8.     OOAD - Object Oriented Analysis And Design

9.     OOP - Object Oriented Programming

10.  OOPS - Object Oriented Programming System

11.  OPEN GL - Open Graphics Library

12.  OS - Operating System

13.  OSI - Open System Interconnection

14.  PC - Personal Computer

15.  PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect

16.  PCMCIA - Personal Computer Memory Card International Association

17.  PDA - Personal Digital Assistant

18.  PDF - Portable Document Format

19.  PDL - Page Description Language

20.  PDU - Protocol Data Unit

21.  PIC - Programming Interrupt Control

22.  PILOT - Programmed Inquiry Learning Or Teaching

23.  PLA - Programmable Logic Array

24.  PLC - Programmable Logic Controller

25.  PNG - Portable Network Graphics

26.  PNP - Plug And Play

27.  PPP - Peer To Peer Protocol

28.  PPTP - Point To Point Tunneling Protocol

29.  PROM - Programmable Read Only Memory

30.  PS - Post Script

31.  RADSL - Rate Adaptive Digital Subscribes Line

32.  RAID - Redundant Array Of Independent Disks

33.  RAM - Random Access Memory

34.  RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital To Analog Converter

35.  RAS - Remote Access Network

36.  RD RAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory

37.  RDBMS - Relational Data Base Management System

38.  RDO - Remote Data Objects

39.  RDP - Remote Desktop Protocol

40.  RFC - Request For Comments

41.  RGB - Red Green Blue

42.  RICS - Reduced Instruction Set Computer

43.  RIP - Raster Image Processor

44.  RISC - Reduced Instruction Set Computer

45.  ROM - Read Only Memory

46.  RPC - Remote Procedure Call

47.  RTC - Real Time Clock

48.  RTF - Rich Text Format

49.  RTOS - Real Time Operating System

50.  SACK  - Selective Acknowledgements

51.  SAM - Security Access Manager

52.  SAP - Service Access Point, Systems ApplicationsProducts

53.  SCMP -  Software Configuration Management Plan

54.  SD RAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random AccessMemory

55.  SDD  - Software Design Description

56.  SDK - Software Development Kit

57.  SDL - Storage Definition Language

58.  SDN - Integrated Service Digital Network

59.  SDSL - Symmetric Digital Subscribes Line

60.  SG RAM - Synchronous Graphics Random AccessMemory

61.  SGML - Standard Generalized Markup Language

62.  SIM - Subscriber Identification Module

63.  SIMD - Single Instruction Multiple Data

64.  SISD - Single Instruction Single Data

65.  SIU - Serial Interface Unit

66.  SMP - Symmetric MultiProcess

67.  SMS - Short Message Service

68.  SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

69.  SNA - System Network Architecture

70.  SNAP - Sub Network Access Protoco

71.  lSNMP - Simple Network Management Protocol

72.  SNOBOL - String Oriented Symbolic Language

73.  SOAP - Simple Object Access Protocol

74.  SPX - Sequenced Packet Exchange

75.  SQA - Statistical Quality Assurance

76.  SQL - Structured Query Language

77.  SRAM - Static Random Access Memory

78.  SRS - Software Requirements Specification

79.  STP - Shielded Twisted Pair

80.  SVVP - Software Verification And Validation Plan

81.  SW - Software

82.  TAPI - Telephony Application Program Interface

83.  TB - Tera Bytes

84.  TCP - Transmission Control Protocol

85.  TCPIP - Transmission Control Protocol InternetProtocol

86.  TDI - Transport Data Interface

87.  TDMA - Time Division Multiple Access

88.  TPM - Transactions Processing Monitor

89.  TSR - Terminate And Stay Residents

90.  UDD - User Datagram Protocol

91.  UDP - User Datagram Protocol

92.  UI - User Interface

93.  UML - Unified Modelling Language

94.  UNC - Universal Naming Convention

95.  UNIX - Uniplexed Information And ComputerSystems

96.  URL - Universal Resource Locator

97.  USB - Universal Serial Bus

98.  USRT - Universal Synchronous ReceiverTransmitted

99.  UTP  -Unshielded Twisted Pair

100.        VAN - Virtual Area Network

101.        VAST - Very Small Aperture Terminal

102.        VB - Visual Basic

103.        VC++ - Visual C++

104.        VCD - Video Compact Disc

105.        VDL - View Definition Language

106.        VGA - Video Graphics Array

107.        VHS - Video Home System

108.        VLIW - Very Long Instruction Words

109.        VLSI - Very Large Scale Integrated Circuits

110.        VPN - Virtual Private Network

111.        VRAM - Video Random Access Memory

112.        VRML - Virtual Reality Modelling Language

113.        VS - Visual Studio

114.        VVR - Software Validation And Validation Report

115.        VXD - Virtual Device Driver

116.        W3C - World Wide Web Consortium

117.        WAIS - Wide Area Information Servers

118.        WAN - Wide Area Network

119.        WAP - Wireless Application Protocol

120.        WBEM - WebBase Enterprise Management

121.            WDM - Wave Division Multiplexing

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